Data security is the protection of systems and data against unauthorised access, modification and use. This helps to prevent data breaches which can lead to business disruption financial loss or compliance penalties, as well reputational damage. Modern approaches to data protection include a combination tools, technology and best practices that are based on three pillars: Confidentiality, Integrity and Integrity.

The first step towards effective data security is to create and maintaining an inventory and mapping of your data sets. This includes cataloging all the data stored in your data centers, network-attached storage, mobile devices, desktops, cloud services offered by third-party companies and software applications. It’s also important to consider physical storage devices like external hard drives, USB sticks, and even deleted printed documents and documents. These tend to be overlooked and can contain a wealth of confidential data, making them an attractive target for cybercriminals.

Once you’ve gotten a better understanding of your data sets, you’ll have to classify sensitive information in order to better understand the location and where it is situated within your system. This will allow you to prioritize security measures, making sure that only the most vital information is protected, and that less critical information is easily accessible. This lets you adhere with regulatory and industry standards, such as those that pertain to the health care, finance, and telecommunications industries.